In the first half of the 1990s, mining was the engine of technological development, driven by the private sector. Without demanding environmental regulations, knowledge was imported from countries with greater demands on environmental standards: Canada, USA, Australia and Chile are the cases with the greatest regulatory familiarity.
The Ministry of the Environment was created in 2008, absorbing the functional environmental units of each sector, mainly attached to the MINEM, which showed significant progress in aspects of environmental evaluation of productive activities and supervision.
In March 2009, the Water Resources Law 29338 was enacted; with the need to adapt the norm based on international standards and requirements, binding on civil society to protect the priorities of water use and management.
The cheaper implementation in the automation processes, for generating data at high speed, facilitated the recognition of the environmental conditions of the environment. Continuous improvement in the mining sector, a commitment to monitoring and adequate water management in the operating environment was purchased.
What a decade ago involved investing in training and sophisticated equipment to control and monitor water quality and quantity, is now necessary. Because in the face of a potential operational failure that influences the environment, it will be detected by the appropriate system, generating levels of early warning and response capacity.
We have the challenge of promoting, implementing transparent and responsible environmental control under modernity schemes, which serve as an environmental and water commitment to any productive operation, organically breaking the link with anti-development sectors.
We must demand from the State, fulfill the role of managing resources, for the benefit of citizens. The implementation of automated control and inspection in the immediate environment of the activities generates calm and transparency.