The heterogeneous geography that the coastal, highlands and jungle regions have, force Peru to capture and dam more water from the continental divide towards the arid coast, which will allow minimizing the contamination of rivers, other receiving bodies and treating the systems, sewage and drains. Water is the most important resource to meet the demands of human, agricultural, industrial and hydroelectric consumption.
To optimize the sustainability of the water resource, in terms of quality and quantity, the different specialists in the field such as environmental engineers, hydraulics, chemists and hydrogeologists are called to participate in the different projects for the management of the water source, whose contributions. They are reflected in the following activities:
- Determine the origin and transformation of water and solutes (natural or anthropogenic) through mixing, redox reactions and other processes in the flow path.
- Evaluate how much capacity of the water resource can be used, measurement of ecological flows of rivers and hydraulic parameters of porous or fractured aquifers.
- Evaluate alternatives for supply and minimization of impacts to avoid social conflicts.
With increasing effectiveness, decreasing energy required and/or use of renewable energy for seawater desalination, it too is gradually increasing in importance, to supply mining projects, and in the near future even a growing percentage of coastal agriculture.
In recent years, the various economic sectors have committed to guaranteeing the security of water resources. This has been evident in the increased use of renewable energy, the creation of energy consumption reduction programs and the implementation of desalination plants (reverse osmosis). While this is progress on the various current projects, it is expected to have a significant positive impact on water resources in the future.
Data monitoring, analysis, and processing methods are becoming more rapidly automated, creating a continuing challenge to improve information sources and storage. For this reason, it’s necessary to make a call to all those involved in the development of projects to receive constant training and adapt to the environment.